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A Comprehensive Cannabis and Hemp-Derived Terminology Guide (2024)


Understanding the Language of Cannabis and Hemp for Beginners.

Welcome to Edwin’s Edibles, your trusted source for cannabis and hemp-derived terminology guide and all things cannabis and hemp-derived in the great state of Minnesota! As the cannabis and hemp industry continues to grow and evolve, understanding the terminology surrounding these remarkable plants has never been more important.

Whether you’re a newcomer to the world of cannabis and hemp or a seasoned enthusiast, navigating the diverse landscape of products and terminology can sometimes feel like learning a new language. That’s why we’ve put together this comprehensive guide – to break down the jargon, demystify the science, and empower you with the knowledge you need to make informed decisions about your cannabis and hemp experiences.

In the land of 10,000 lakes, where the cannabis and hemp industries are budding with potential, it’s crucial to stay informed about the latest developments, regulations, and product options. This guide will serve as your compass, helping you navigate through the often-confusing terminology, whether you’re interested in the therapeutic benefits of CBD, the nuances of THC, or exploring the wide array of consumption methods available to you.

At Edwin’s Edibles, our mission is to provide high-quality, safe, and effective products to the people of Minnesota. We believe that knowledge is a powerful tool in achieving this mission, and this guide is just one way we aim to empower our community.

Cannabis and Hemp-Derived Terminology Guide

So, whether you’re here to deepen your understanding of cannabinoids, terpenes, and consumption methods we’ve got you covered. Without further ado, let’s dive into the world of cannabis and hemp terminology, starting with the fundamental distinction between cannabis and hemp.

The Cannabis and Hemp Distinction


Cannabis is a genus of flowering plants that encompasses a wide range of species and varieties. When people refer to cannabis, they are often talking about two primary species: Cannabis sativa and Cannabis indica, with hybrid strains also prevalent.

Cannabis sativa plants are known for their tall, narrow appearance and are typically grown in warmer climates. Sativa strains are associated with more uplifting and cerebral effects. They are often chosen for daytime use due to their potential to boost creativity and focus. Sativa strains can have a higher THC content, the psychoactive compound that can produce a “high.”

Cannabis indica plants, on the other hand, are shorter and bushier. They are associated with relaxation, sedation, and body-centered effects. Indica strains are often chosen for nighttime use to promote relaxation and sleep. These strains may also contain higher levels of THC.

It’s essential to note that the term “cannabis” is often used interchangeably with “marijuana.” Marijuana refers to cannabis plants that contain higher levels of THC, which is responsible for its psychoactive effects. In some places, marijuana is legal for recreational or medicinal use, while in others, it remains illegal.


Hemp is also a variety of cannabis but is distinct from marijuana primarily due to its low THC content. In the United States, hemp is legally defined as cannabis plants containing no more than 0.3% THC on a dry weight basis. This extremely low THC content means that hemp does not produce the intoxicating effects associated with marijuana.

Hemp has been cultivated for thousands of years for various industrial purposes, including textiles, paper, rope, and building materials. In recent years, it has gained immense popularity for its non-psychoactive compound, cannabidiol (CBD).

CBD (Cannabidiol): CBD is one of the most well-known compounds found in hemp. Unlike THC, CBD does not produce a high. Instead, it is believed to offer a wide range of potential health benefits, from reducing anxiety and stress to alleviating pain and inflammation. Many people use CBD products for wellness and therapeutic purposes, and it is available in various forms, including oils, capsules, and topicals.

Understanding the distinction between cannabis and hemp is vital, as it forms the foundation for recognizing the differences in plant varieties and their potential effects. In Minnesota, both cannabis and hemp have gained recognition, each with its unique set of regulations and uses.

Now that we’ve clarified the cannabis vs. hemp distinction, let’s proceed to the next section, where we’ll explore the fascinating world of cannabinoids, starting with CBD and THC.

CBD (Cannabidiol):

CBD, short for cannabidiol, is a remarkable compound found abundantly in hemp plants. Unlike its counterpart THC (tetrahydrocannabinol), CBD is non-psychoactive, which means it won’t produce the euphoric “high” associated with marijuana. Instead, CBD offers a range of potential health benefits, making it a popular choice for both wellness and medical applications.

Potential Health Benefits:

CBD has garnered significant attention for its potential therapeutic properties. While research is ongoing, studies suggest that CBD may have the following health benefits:

  • Anxiety and Stress Relief: CBD may help reduce feelings of anxiety and stress by interacting with receptors in the endocannabinoid system, which plays a role in regulating mood.
  • Pain Management: CBD has been studied for its potential to alleviate chronic pain, including conditions like arthritis and neuropathic pain.
  • Inflammation Reduction: Some studies suggest that CBD may have anti-inflammatory properties, which could be beneficial for conditions characterized by inflammation, such as arthritis and inflammatory bowel diseases.
  • Seizure Control: Epidiolex, a CBD-based medication, has been approved by the FDA for the treatment of certain rare forms of epilepsy, demonstrating CBD’s effectiveness in reducing seizures.

Uses in Wellness Products:

The versatility of CBD has led to its inclusion in a wide range of products designed to promote wellness and address specific health concerns. Some popular CBD products include:

  • CBD Oils and Tinctures: These are liquid extracts of CBD that can be taken sublingually (under the tongue) for quick absorption. They are versatile and can be added to food or beverages.
  • CBD Capsules: CBD capsules provide a convenient and consistent way to consume a precise dose of CBD.
  • CBD Topicals: These are creams, balms, and lotions infused with CBD, ideal for localized relief of pain and inflammation.
  • CBD Edibles: CBD-infused gummies, chocolates, and beverages offer a tasty and discreet way to consume CBD.

CBD Isolate vs. Full-Spectrum CBD:

  • CBD Isolate: This is pure CBD, isolated from all other compounds found in hemp. It contains no THC or other cannabinoids. It’s an excellent choice for individuals who want to experience the benefits of CBD without any trace of THC.
  • Full-Spectrum CBD: Full-spectrum CBD contains not only CBD but also a wide array of other beneficial compounds found in hemp, including other cannabinoids, terpenes, and flavonoids. This combination is thought to produce an “entourage effect,” where these compounds work synergistically to enhance the potential benefits of CBD. However, it may contain trace amounts of THC, typically below the legal limit of 0.3%.

* *It’s important to note that individual responses to CBD can vary, and it’s advisable to start with a low dose and gradually increase it to find the right balance for your needs. When choosing CBD products, always opt for reputable brands that provide third-party lab testing to ensure product quality and cannabinoid content.

We’ll explore more about the fascinating compounds found in these plants and how they interact with our bodies. Next, we’ll dive into the world of THC (Delta-9-Tetrahydrocannabinol) and its unique properties.

THC (Delta-9-Tetrahydrocannabinol):

Defining THC:

THC, or Delta-9-Tetrahydrocannabinol, is perhaps the most well-known cannabinoid found in the cannabis plant. It’s the compound responsible for the psychoactive effects commonly associated with cannabis use, often referred to as the “high.” When THC interacts with receptors in the brain and central nervous system, it can produce alterations in perception, mood, and consciousness.

Wellness Uses:

Beyond its recreational use, THC has shown promise in the field of wellness. Some of its potential wellness applications include:

  • Pain Management: THC has been used to alleviate chronic pain.
  • Nausea and Vomiting Relief: It’s been found effective in reducing nausea and vomiting.
  • Appetite Stimulation: THC can stimulate appetite and has been used to combat weight loss in individuals.

Potential Side Effects:

While THC offers therapeutic potential, it’s essential to be aware of potential side effects, especially at higher doses:

  • Psychological Effects: High doses of THC can lead to feelings of anxiety, paranoia, and hallucinations, particularly in individuals with a predisposition to mental health conditions.
  • Impairment: THC impairs motor skills, coordination, and cognitive function, making activities like driving dangerous while under its influence.
  • Short-Term Memory Impairment: THC can affect short-term memory, making it difficult to concentrate or retain information.
  • Dependency: Long-term and heavy use of THC can lead to dependency and addiction in some individuals.

Importance of THC Content Labeling:

In the cannabis and hemp industry, transparency is paramount. The THC content of products should be clearly labeled to ensure consumers know what they are purchasing. This is especially important for individuals who may be sensitive to THC’s psychoactive effects or those who need to adhere to specific legal restrictions, such as the 0.3% THC limit for hemp-derived products in the United States.

Knowing the THC content allows consumers to make informed choices, whether they seek the therapeutic effects of THC or prefer products with little to no psychoactive potential. Responsible product labeling ensures that consumers can tailor their cannabis or hemp experiences to their specific needs and preferences.

As you explore the world of cannabis and hemp-derived products, keep in mind that THC is just one of many compounds found in these plants. The ratio of THC to other cannabinoids, such as CBD, and the presence of various terpenes can greatly influence the overall effects of a product. This complexity is what makes the world of cannabis and hemp so intriguing, offering a wide range of options to cater to diverse preferences and needs.

CBG (Cannabigerol), CBN (Cannabinol), and Other Cannabinoids:

While CBD and THC often steal the spotlight, the cannabis and hemp plants are teeming with a diverse array of lesser-known cannabinoids, each with its unique properties and potential benefits. Let’s introduce you to some of these intriguing compounds:

CBG (Cannabigerol):

Cannabigerol, or CBG, is often referred to as the “mother cannabinoid” because it is a precursor to both THC and CBD. It’s usually present in smaller quantities compared to CBD and THC.

Potential Benefits: CBG has been the subject of research for its potential therapeutic properties, including anti-inflammatory, neuroprotective, and pain-relieving effects. Some studies suggest it may help with conditions like glaucoma and inflammatory bowel disease.

CBN (Cannabinol):

Cannabinol, or CBN, is a mildly psychoactive cannabinoid that forms as THC ages or is exposed to oxygen and light. This means it’s more commonly found in older cannabis or hemp samples.

Potential Benefits: CBN is often associated with its potential sedative properties. Some users report that it helps with sleep, relaxation, and pain relief. However, more research is needed to fully understand its effects.

Other Cannabinoids:

Beyond CBG and CBN, there are over 100 other cannabinoids that scientists have identified in cannabis and hemp plants. Some of the notable ones include:

THCV (Tetrahydrocannabivarin): THCV is a cannabinoid known for its potential appetite-suppressing effects. It’s being studied for its role in weight management and diabetes control.

CBC (Cannabichromene): CBC is believed to have anti-inflammatory and analgesic (pain-relieving) properties. It may also contribute to the overall entourage effect when combined with other cannabinoids.

Delta-8-THC (Delta-8-Tetrahydrocannabinol): Similar to Delta-9-THC but with milder psychoactive effects, Delta-8-THC has gained popularity as a less potent alternative to traditional THC.

These lesser-known cannabinoids, along with CBD and THC, collectively contribute to the entourage effect, a phenomenon where these compounds work synergistically to enhance the overall therapeutic potential of cannabis and hemp-derived products.

As research into these cannabinoids continues, we can expect to uncover more about their specific benefits and applications. Keep an eye out for products that highlight these lesser-known cannabinoids, as they may offer unique experiences and benefits tailored to your needs and preferences.

The Entourage Effect: How Cannabinoids Work Together

The entourage effect is a concept in cannabis and hemp science that suggests that the various compounds found in these plants, including cannabinoids, terpenes, and flavonoids, work together synergistically to enhance the overall therapeutic effects. In other words, the combined presence of these compounds in a product can have a more significant impact than if each compound were isolated and used individually. Let’s delve into how cannabinoids play a crucial role in this entourage effect:

1. Cannabinoid Synergy:

CBD and THC: CBD is known to modulate the psychoactive effects of THC. When CBD is present alongside THC, it can reduce the intensity of THC’s intoxicating effects, making the overall experience more balanced and manageable.

CBG, CBN, and Others: Lesser-known cannabinoids like CBG and CBN can also contribute to this synergy. They have their unique effects, and when combined with CBD and THC, they can create a broader spectrum of potential benefits.

2. Targeting Multiple Receptors:

Different cannabinoids have varying affinities for the body’s endocannabinoid receptors (CB1 and CB2). By having a mixture of cannabinoids in a product, you can target a broader range of receptors, potentially leading to more comprehensive therapeutic effects.

3. Amplifying Potential Benefits:

When multiple cannabinoids work together, they may amplify each other’s potential benefits. For example, a product containing CBD, CBG, and CBN might provide enhanced pain relief compared to a product containing only CBD.

4. Reducing Side Effects:

The presence of certain cannabinoids, like CBD, can mitigate the potential side effects of others, such as anxiety or paranoia caused by THC. This can lead to a more comfortable and enjoyable experience for consumers.

5. Terpene Interactions:

Terpenes, the aromatic compounds found in cannabis and hemp, also play a vital role in the entourage effect. They can influence the effects of cannabinoids and contribute to the overall experience. For instance, the terpene myrcene may enhance the sedative effects of CBN, while limonene may provide a mood-lifting effect when combined with THC.

Leveraging the Power of Cannabinoids in Cannabis and Hemp Products

Understanding the role of cannabinoids in the entourage effect is key to making informed choices when selecting cannabis and hemp-derived products. By considering the combination of cannabinoids in a product, you can tailor your experience to better suit your specific needs and preferences. Whether you’re seeking relaxation, pain relief, improved sleep, or other therapeutic benefits, exploring products that embrace the entourage effect can provide a more holistic and potentially more effective solution. As research continues in this exciting field, we can anticipate even more insights into how these compounds work together to unlock the full potential of cannabis and hemp for wellness and health.


Terpenes are a fascinating group of organic compounds that play a crucial role in the flavor, aroma, and effects of cannabis and hemp. Often described as the aromatic molecules of the plant kingdom, terpenes are responsible for the distinctive scents and flavors of various strains of cannabis and hemp.

Defining Terpenes:

Terpenes are aromatic hydrocarbons found in the essential oils of plants. They serve a variety of purposes in nature, from deterring herbivores to attracting pollinators. In the context of cannabis and hemp, terpenes are primarily responsible for the wide range of scents and flavors you encounter when consuming these plants.

Common Terpenes and Their Effects:

Here are some of the most common terpenes found in cannabis and hemp, along with their associated effects:


  • Aroma: Earthy, musky, and slightly fruity.
  • Effects: Known for its potential sedative and relaxing properties. Myrcene is often found in indica strains and may contribute to the “couch-lock” sensation.


  • Aroma: Citrusy and lemon-like.
  • Effects: Limonene is thought to have mood-lifting and energizing effects. It may also have potential anti-anxiety properties.


  • Aroma: Piney and fresh, like a forest.
  • Effects: Pinene is associated with alertness and mental clarity. It may counteract some of the memory-impairing effects of THC.


  • Aroma: Floral and lavender-like.
  • Effects: Linalool is known for its potential calming and anxiety-reducing effects. It may also have pain-relieving properties.


  • Aroma: Spicy and peppery.
  • Effects: Caryophyllene is unique because it can bind to CB2 receptors in the endocannabinoid system, potentially offering anti-inflammatory and analgesic effects.

Synergy Between Terpenes and Cannabinoids:

The interaction between terpenes and cannabinoids, often referred to as the “entourage effect,” is a fascinating phenomenon. This synergy suggests that terpenes can modulate the effects of cannabinoids, making the overall experience more nuanced and potentially more effective.

For example, myrcene, with its sedative properties, may enhance the relaxing effects of CBD. Limonene’s mood-lifting qualities could complement the potential anti-anxiety effects of CBD. Pinene’s mental clarity attributes might work in harmony with the focus-enhancing effects of certain strains high in THC.

The entourage effect demonstrates that cannabis and hemp are not merely about isolated compounds but rather complex botanical systems where various molecules work in harmony. When selecting products, consider the terpene profiles in addition to cannabinoid content to fine-tune your cannabis and hemp experience to your liking.

Cannabis and Hemp-Derived Terminology Guide

In this Cannabis and Hemp-Derived Terminology Guide, we’ve explored the rich terminology surrounding cannabis and hemp-derived products. We started by distinguishing between cannabis and hemp, understanding the roles of CBD and THC, and discovering the potential benefits of lesser-known cannabinoids like CBG and CBN. We then delved into the aromatic world of terpenes and their synergy with cannabinoids. We’ve emphasized the importance of informed choices and responsible consumption, highlighting the significance of clear product labeling and the entourage effect.

As the cannabis and hemp industries continue to evolve, education remains a powerful tool for both newcomers and seasoned enthusiasts. We are committed to providing safe and high-quality products to our Edwin’s Edibles community. We believe that knowledge is the first step toward a better, healthier, and more informed cannabis and hemp experience.

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